Sustainable Subsistence Across the North Atlantic

Subsistence compensation to ensure a bright future for valuable Irish Salmon in Ireland, Greenland and Faeroes.

 It has been reported that to offset hardship due to the compulsory buy out of drift net licenses, a 25 Million Euro fund will give each fisherman (or license holder) a payment equal to Six times their average annual catch over the period 2001 – 2005. That may seem fair to some and unfair to others. For example, a Salmon is much more valuable to a subsistence fisherman than its commercial value. Time, energy, effort, dedication are expended to produce an invaluable harvest that provides food and sustenance, useful subsistence employment and adds immeasurable utility value to the local community.

The Government, in buying out drift net licenses, needs to provide a context to ensure the future value of Wild Atlantic Salmon is increased. The Government will be responsible to provide the mechanisms to improve and enhance the status of Atlantic salmon in Ireland. In 10 – 20 years from now will the salmon returning to Ireland will be more abundant a consequence? The Government needs to be sure that salmon will be nurtured back to full abundance. At some point in the future Salmon rivers will be well managed to produce great runs, and there will be a healthy self sustaining stock of salmon that will be harvested in an optimally sustainable way. I guess then there would be an opportunity to repurchase responsibly managed licenses from the state.  

Fish counters may provide useful scientific information on stock levels. Anglers will also have a very important role to play, by providing information and catch returns via their clubs. Fish in their rivers will need to be well managed and protected. Habitat improvements, tackling pollution, fisheries protection, access to spawning and nursery areas, and stewardship are required which apparently the main body of drift net fishermen were not interested in. 

To restore Ireland’s salmon population is a great national goal and adds value to Ireland’s uniqueness in the brave new world of environmental awareness. We all have the opportunity to do our bit by thinking internationally and acting locally. Salmon are an interdependent species. Ireland is not the only country with a vested interest in salmon born in Irish rivers. For example fishing practices in Greenland, Iceland, Faeroes, in Irish coasts or in our home rivers will affect the status of Irish Salmon. International bodies like North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organisation (NASCO) and The North Atlantic Salmon Fund (NASF) represent an opportunity to find a common international purpose for salmon management in an Irish context. NASCO and NASF have negotiated for reduced fishing in these far off countries around the North Atlantic which they argue prevents Irish salmon from being caught in far off waters. It is well known that a major reason for reduced salmon catches around Ireland and in the 70s and early 80,s was due to fisheries in Greenland and Faeroes catching Irish salmon. How desperate would the situation be if these countries continued to exercise their “rights” to fish for Irish salmon in their own home waters? We all need to be responsible for Wild Atlantic Salmon to ensure future abundance and indeed survival of this great species. There are real opportunities to work to a North Atlantic agenda in an Irish context. The newly established Marine Institute in Galway and similar organisations need to grasp the opportunity to get involved with the global imperatives and seek partnerships and opportunities for research and sustainable fishing practices.

Common sense and cooperation between fishermen, anglers, scientists and policy makers needs to prevail to ensure the survival of our great Atlantic Salmon. If we can collectively achieve future abundance for Wild Atlantic Salmon then we will have been inspired by the fish of knowledge. I hope that Wild Running Atlantic Salmon are still a highly valued resource and abundant in the years and centuries to come.

Yours sincerely

Brendan Kerr

19 Swanston Gardens


EH10 7DJ

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